Where did our roadmap into the future come from? Who taught us how to navigate? How to love? Who to trust? When to trust? Secrecy and keeping thoughts and feeling to ourselves became our true reality. Imagine yourself as a child, seeing the world through a child’s eyes, and then being introduced to a ferocious and violent act—an act that serves to not only damage one’s physical body and mental/cognitive mind-set, but also disrupt one’s spiritual being. And yes, it is all these things without being beaten. I believe violence compounds the problem.
Wounded attachment is an insidious component that I have seen repeatedly in my work with adult survivors of childhood sexual assault. What is wounded attachment? It’s the unconscious way of being attracted or attached to someone or something that reminds the survivor of or reinforces the wound/trauma, or in this case the sexual assault. At its core, it’s the way in which survivors subconsciously seek out relationships that reinforce the wounded aspect of themselves. (Valerie Kuykendall-Rogers, MA, LPC-S, June 2013)
A neglected and abused child often develops a confused attachment style when they are raised in an environment of inconsistent or unavailable attention. This is especially true when the parent or caretaker is abusive, intrusive, neglectful or otherwise dangerous. These children can go on to become adults who make poor partners later on in life since they are prone to acting out against themselves or others. We (survivors) often have such high levels of abandonment and trust issues that without intervention relationships become caught in a revolving door of different version of the same relationship.
Survivors of Childhood Sexual or Physical abuse also learn to ignore his or her own needs. As adults survivors tend to be fiercely independent and will not admit to needing others. Early training that our needs, wants and requirements don’t matter or are no importance are difficult to overcome, even when you are aware of the faulty thinking.
There can be great frustration in trying to be perfect and not getting what you need, often times not knowing what you need. A relationship can then end in a self-fulfilling prophecy of the very abandonment the survivor fears most. Partners leave in frustration.
They might also remain single and avoid relationships altogether. (Note: singleness does not imply a person is avoidant; finding a good partner takes a certain measure of good fortune!)
This avoidance is where I’ve been finding my own self the last few years. It’s lonely. There is so much pain in a failed relationship. And failure. Society doesn’t look at you and say, oh that person wasn’t right for you. They say things like “Too bad you couldn’t make it work.”
Then there are your own children. Are you saying enough? Are you saying too much? Should you say anything at all? What are the boundaries? Who is showing me how to be a good parent? What if they grow up and never talk to you again?
Relationships are based on how we attach to others. Expressing your feelings, ability to nurture, comfort and feeling connected. Some of us struggle with the connectedness part. If you spent your formative years running away from feelings that overwhelmed you, who tells you that you don’t have to run when you don’t even know your are still sprinting away from the very thing you want the most?
http://sfhelp.org/gwc/wounds/bonding.htm is a marvelous self-help site that talks about the wounds you have as a grown wounded child.
Instead of relationship issues many articles and those in the mental health field call it an attachment disorder. It’s a painful label. However it seems that without labels no one knows how to talk about what the problem is.
I like to think about attachment/relationship issues and my dog. My dog, Simon, was a 15 month old rescue. He’d been poorly fed, abused and beaten up not only by the past owner but by the other dogs. Simon was on his way to being euthanized. No hope for him. He was terrified of people, other dogs, cats and even puppies. A look his way and he would cower and urinate where he stood. My heart went out to this creature.
I took him home for 5 days. “Only 5 days,” I said. “If there is no improvement I can’t keep him.”
I bought him some chew bones, food and a ball. He stared at the chew bones. He didn’t eat. He didn’t know what to do with the ball. I stayed with him for those five days. He jumped when I moved. He watched everything around him and whimpered when my cat went to check out the house quest. I spoke to him quietly and played soft music in the background.
I kept Simon. He will be 8 years old this month. I had him for two years before he let me scratch his belly. He learned to trust and he learned to love. If my English Shepherd can do, I have to hope we all can.
We need to be able to set healthy boundaries, understand and respect them. It matters for our personal safety, and growth as well as healthy relationships whether it be family, friends, co-workers, or partners.
We were given a bad roadmap to our future. Let’s lose it and get a new one. We’ve been alone too long.
Author, Can You Hear Me Now?
3 thoughts on “Relationships and the Survivor of Childhood Sexual Abuse”
I have been searching for answers to all my questions for years!! I’m beside myself!! My husband is a survivor of sexual abuse, we’ve been married for 18 years and our marriage has been nonexistent for about 17 of those years. This information has brought so much comfort to my aching and lonely heart. My marriage is nearing its end and I now have a sense of comfort and closure as he has been emotionally abusing me for many, long years. I now know I’m not “crazy” as he’s been telling me every time I have demanded to know why he doesn’t love me. I now completely understand the “why?” Behind everything that he doesn’t do, for me. Unfortunately, my patience has come to an end and I’ll be filling for divorce as soon as I’m financially prepared. There’s nothing that can be done for someone who’s in denial. I’m done!! Thank you so, so much!!
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